Understanding the underlying causes of climate change and predicting the impact on our environment and the world’s populations are both fundamental priorities.
Reflecting BNP Paribas’ ongoing commitment to climate change, various outreach initiatives have been established within the Group and, in 2011, the BNP Paribas Foundation launched a philanthropic program for research into climate change, working in close collaboration with the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Department.
Research into Climate Change
In 2011, an international scientific committee selected 5 climate research projects as part of the “Climate Initiative” programme.
The “Climate Initiative” Programme Research Projects
AAA: Accès aux Archives du climat malgré l’Amiante (Access to Climate Archives despite Asbestos)
Météo France and the National Archives have forged a unique partnership that will give the global scientific community access to 2 km of climate history archives currently stored at Fontainebleau, France.
Once scanned and indexed, this valuable data is expected to help advance research on the climate, and in particular to allow us to develop a better understanding of its impact on human activities.
Global Carbon Atlas
The Global Carbon Project is a platform that enables scientists worldwide to share information on the carbon cycle and to fuel the international debate on how to reduce our greenhouse gas emissions.
The organisation’s latest project aims to make all of the information collected about these cycles available for consultation and review, in order to help visually map the emitters and the large reservoirs of greenhouse gases in each region in the world.
Every day, the world’s oceans absorb a quarter of the day’s CO2 emissions. As the gas dissolves in seawater, it changes the chemistry of the oceans and makes them significantly more acidic. This phenomenon may have major consequences for the marine ecosystem.
To verify this, the eFOCE project team from the Oceanographic Laboratory in Villefranche, in France, will conduct a long-term experiment in the field.
Thanks to numerous studies carried out throughout the world, we know that greenhouse gases released by human activities are the principal causes of climate variations. We also know that some of these variations are related to natural phenomena, such as oceanic oscillations and solar activity.
However, little is known about the role of these natural phenomena, and it is therefore difficult to predict climate changes. This is a question that the Cerfacs team will attempt to answer through their project, known as Preclide.
By studying ice cores extracted in Antarctica, it is possible to identify the air composition of earlier times, and thus to obtain valuable data on climate change. The LGGE team is currently finalising the development of a new type of probe that will not only make it possible to gather data from older ice, but is also expected to significantly reduce drilling time.